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*What is prostate ?



prostate It is a gland in the male genito-urinary tract located below the bladder and surrounding the urethra. The main function of the prostate is to produce fluid that transports sperms. BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) BPH is enlargement of the prostate gland, which occurs with increasing age. It can cause a blockade to the passage of urine.

*What are the symptoms?

• Frequent urination • Slow stream • Straining to void • Inability to control urine • Pain during urination

*Diagnosis :

• Clinical examination • USG-To detect size of the prostate • Uroflowmetry - to assess flow of urine

Treatment:

• Medications to ease the flow of urine (initial stages) • Endoscopic surgeries through the urinary passage (TURP) with recent laser prostatic surgeries Cancer of the Prostate: Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men Symptoms can simulate those of BPH. A simple blood test like serum PSA maybe used as a screening test for detection.

*Treatment:

Early stages of cancer Prostate are amendable to cure. The treatment involves complete removal of prostate with open, laparoscopic and more advanced Robotic prostatic surgeries with minimal complications.



The Author *Dr.Muthuveeramani V Head & Senior Consultant - Urology SIMS Hospital, Vadapalani

03.09.2015. 19:44

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